Sunday, August 26, 2012

First Scout To Walk On The Moon, Passes Away

Neil Armstrong has died, a little over a month after the 43rd anniversary of his exploit, and a few days after his 82nd birthday. he could not reject his fame, nor did he exploit it. A true hero, That event was one of the few that really held my attention that summer of 1969. The counter-cultural revolution had begun in 1968 in France, and college campuses all over America were hotbeds of political activity, often anti-American in nature. And then this man, and his team, and the men of NASA gave America a reason to be proud and a sense of destiny. 
First Scout To Walk On The Moon, Passes Away

Neil Armstrong, the American astronaut who made “one giant leap for mankind” when he became the first man to walk on the moon, died Saturday. He was 82.

“We are heartbroken to share the news that Neil Armstrong has passed away following complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures,” Armstrong’s family said in a statement.

 Armstrong underwent heart surgery this month.

“While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we als
o celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves,” his family said.

Armstrong died Saturday in Cincinnati, Ohio, according to a NASA spokesman. The agency’s administrator put the death in perspective.

“As long as there are history books, Neil Armstrong will be included in them,” said Charles Bolden. “As we enter this next era of space exploration, we do so standing on the shoulders of Neil Armstrong. We mourn the passing of a friend, fellow astronaut and true American hero.”

Armstrong took two trips into space. He made his first journey in 1966 as commander of the Gemini 8 mission, which nearly ended in disaster.

Armstrong kept his cool and brought the spacecraft home safely after a thruster rocket malfunctioned and caused it to spin wildly out of control.

During his next space trip in July 1969, Armstrong and fellow astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins blasted off in Apollo 11 on a nearly 250,000-mile journey to the moon that went down in the history books.

It took them four days to reach their destination.

The world watched and waited as the lunar module “Eagle” separated from the command module and began its descent.

Then came the words from Armstrong: “Tranquility Base here, the Eagle has landed.”

About six and a half hours later at 10:56 p.m. ET on July 20, 1969, Armstrong, at age 38, became the first person to set foot on the moon.

He uttered the now-famous phrase: “That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.”

The quote was originally recorded without the “a,” which was picked up by voice recognition software many years later.

Armstrong was on the moon’s surface for two hours and 32 minutes and Aldrin, who followed him, spent about 15 minutes less than that.

The two astronauts set up an American flag, scooped up moon rocks and set up scientific experiments before returning to the main spacecraft.

All three returned home to a hero’s welcome, and none ever returned to space.

The moon landing was a major victory for the United States, which at the height of the Cold War in 1961 committed itself to landing a man on the moon and returning him safely before the decade was out.

It was also a defining moment for the world. The launch and landing were broadcast on live TV and countless people watched in amazement as Armstrong walked on the moon.

“I remember very clearly being an 8-year-old kid and watching the TV … I remember even as a kid thinking, ‘Wow, the world just changed,’” said astronaut Leroy Chiao. “And then hours later watching Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin take the very first step of any humans on another planetary body. That kind of flipped the switch for me in my head. I said, ‘That’s what I want to do, I want to be an astronaut.’”

Tributes to Armstrong — who received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969, the highest award offered to a U.S. civilian — poured in as word of his death spread.

“Neil was among the greatest of American heroes — not just of his time, but of all time,” said President Barack Obama. “When he and his fellow crew members lifted off aboard Apollo 11 in 1969, they carried with them the aspirations of an entire nation. They set out to show the world that the American spirit can see beyond what seems unimaginable — that with enough drive and ingenuity, anything is possible.”

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney said the former astronaut “today takes his place in the hall of heroes. With courage unmeasured and unbounded love for his country, he walked where man had never walked before. The moon will miss its first son of earth.”

House Speaker John Boehner, from Ohio, said: “A true hero has returned to the Heavens to which he once flew. Neil Armstrong blazed trails not just for America, but for all of mankind. He inspired generations of boys and girls worldwide not just through his monumental feat, but with the humility and grace with which he carried himself to the end.”

Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. He was interested in flying even as a young boy, earning his pilot’s license at age 16.

Armstrong studied aeronautical engineering and earned degrees from Purdue University and University of Southern California. He served in the Navy, and flew 78 combat missions during the Korean War.

“He was the best, and I will miss him terribly,” said Collins, the Apollo 11 command module pilot.

After his historic mission to the moon, Armstrong worked for NASA, coordinating and managing the administration’s research and technology work.

In 1971, he resigned from NASA and taught engineering at the University of Cincinnati for nearly a decade.

While many people are quick to cash in on their 15 minutes of fame, Armstrong largely avoided the public spotlight and chose to lead a quiet, private life with his wife and children.

“He was really an engineer’s engineer — a modest man who was always uncomfortable in his singular role as the first person to set foot on the moon. He understood and appreciated the historic consequences of it and yet was never fully willing to embrace it. He was modest to the point of reclusive. You could call him the J.D. Salinger of the astronaut corps,” said Miles O’Brien, an aviation expert with PBS’ Newshour, formerly of CNN.

“He was a quiet, engaging, wonderful from the Midwest kind of guy. … But when it came to the public exposure that was associated with this amazing accomplishment … he ran from it. And part of it was he felt as if this was an accomplishment of many thousands of people. And it was. He took the lion’s share of the credit and he felt uncomfortable with that,” said O’Brien.

But Armstrong always recognized — in a humble manner — the importance of what he had accomplished.

“Looking back, we were really very privileged to live in that thin slice of history where we changed how man looks at himself and what he might become and where he might go,” Armstrong said.

Sunday, August 5, 2012

Create Ur own Our Call sign

In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign (also known as a call name or call letters—and historically as a call signal—or abbreviated as a call) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. In North America[1] they are used as names for broadcasting stations. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or even cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity.

The use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations, there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram. In order to save time, two letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose. This pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation; radio companies initially assigned two-letter identifiers to coastal stations and stations aboard ships at sea. These were not globally unique, so a one-letter company identifier (for instance, 'M' and two letters as a Marconi Station) was later added. By 1912, the need to quickly identify stations operated by multiple companies in multiple nations required an international standard; an ITU prefix would be used to identify a country, and the rest of the call sign an individual station in that country. Call signs are also used for air traffic control communication with airplanes and manned spacecraft.
Ham Radio Maps

Whilst surfing around on the Internet, I soon noticed a lack of maps for hams, so decided to correct this by producing a set of my own that were easy to read, big enough to be useful, quick to download, and consistent in style and format.

Prefix Maps

If you are looking for Amateur Radio Prefix Maps, you have come to the right place! There's so many Ham Radio Prefix maps on this site that they have their own introduction page - click here to see it.

Listed below are 38 of the most comprehensive Ham Prefix Maps anywhere on the internet. And here's the best part: They are all absolutely free!! Help yourself to which ever ones you need. These prefix maps are extracted from the Global Overlay Mapper suite so if you like what you see, take a look at the Global Overlay Mapper demonstration, which includes Amateur Radio Prefixes plus much, much more.

 CQ Zones of the World Map

ITU Zones Map

Ham Continents of the World Map

 ITU Regions Map

Scouting Magazine call sign


Long : 79.9454 E (79° 56' 43'' E) | Lat : 6.8508 N (6° 51' 3'' N)
QTH locator : MJ96XU 

To find your QTH locator :


Wednesday, August 1, 2012

it's Duncan Campbell The Guardian, Friday January 11 2008.

On my honour I promise that I will do my best—
To do my duty to God and the King (or to God and my Country)
To help other people at all times and
To obey the Scout Law.

"I was just living up to Scout motto" says boy who saved president's life. I was just living up to Scout motto, says boy who saved president's life.

Maldives president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom on Tuesday survived an attempt on his life when a teenage boy scout stopped a youth from stabbing him as he was mingling with a crowd in the north of the Indian Ocean archipelago.
The attacker, a 20-year-old wielding a knife, jumped out of a crowd that gathered to welcome the president on his arrival at North Thiladhunmathi atoll in Hoarafushi islet and tried to stab Gayoom in his stomach.
However, a 15-year-old boy scout, Mohamed Jaisham, grabbed the youth and wrestled with him before the attacker was captured, officials said.
"An unidentified man attempted to attack the President with a knife today," a statement from the President's Office in the capital Male said. "The President escaped this serious attack without any harm. However, a boy scout was injured in the incident," the statement said.

Mr. Mohamed Jaisham Received a Gold Medal by President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom

A Scout who saved the president of the Maldives from an assassination attempt said that he had merely been putting into practice the organisation's motto to "be prepared".
Mohamed Jaisham, 15, said yesterday that his Scout training had helped him prevent a man from stabbing President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom with a kitchen knife at a political rally on Tuesday.
Jaisham, who is recovering in hospital after his hand was injured during the attack, told news agencies that he had spotted a man clutching a knife as the president met supporters on the island of Hoarafushi, in the far north of the chain of islands in the Indian Ocean.
"I saw the knife because he was yelling Allahu Akbar [God is Greatest]," said Mohamed, who was wearing his Scout uniform at the time of the attack. "I wanted to catch the knife, but he moved very quickly. I stopped it with my left hand and was cut."
He added: "The Scout motto is 'be prepared', and at that time I was prepared. It helped me so much. It's my training. I wear a Scout's uniform and I wanted to save my president." He hopes to become a police officer when he has completed his education.
Gayoom, 70, who is the Chief Scout of the Maldives, was not injured and has since thanked the teenager personally, crediting him and "almighty Allah" with saving his life.
Flowers beside Mohamed's bed at the Gandhi memorial hospital in the capital, Male, were sent by the president.
A local newspaper, Minivan, named the alleged attacker yesterday as Mohamed Murushid, 20, and said that "mixed messages" had emerged about a motive.
Gayoom has ruled the islands autocratically for 30 years and has come under increasing pressure to introduce full democracy.
Elections are due this year but opposition activists question whether they will be full and fair.
The newspaper quoted a family member as saying that the arrested man had suffered a head injury as a child and had once stabbed himself in the thigh. Four men who attended the same mosque as Murushid, who is unemployed, were also detained yesterday.
There have been reports of growing Islamist militancy on the islands but there is no evidence of any organisation being involved in the attack.
"He was not well behaved," a former teacher of the alleged assailant claimed, recalling "one occasion where Mohamed tried to beat the principal ... [he was] always disturbing teachers, and causing mischief with other students."
Family members have expressed concern about Murushid's condition while in detention as the national police have a record of human rights abuses.
The opposition Maldivian Democratic party (MDP) spoke out against the attack yesterday. "I cannot condemn his anger but I condemn his act," the MDP chairman, Mohamed Nasheed, said.
The New Maldives movement and Islamic Democratic party have also condemned the attack, as has the exile group Friends of the Maldives, which is campaigning for full democracy.
The MDP claimed in a press release yesterday that the police were unable to do their job because they were used "to protect one man, one family, one party".
The party suggested that such attacks were not properly investigated but blamed on opposition groups without any evidence.
Last September 12 tourists were injured by a bomb in a park in Male. The blast and the latest attack are seen as damaging to the country's image as an upmarket holiday resort.
The form of the promise has varied slightly from country to country and over time, but must fulfill the requirements of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) to qualify a National Scout Organization for membership. Together with clarifying its Scout Law, the Constitution of WOSM states:[2]
In order to accommodate many different religions within Scouting, "God" may refer to a higher power, and is not specifically restricted to the God of the monotheistic religions. The WOSM Constitution explains "Duty to God" as "Adherence to spiritual principles, loyalty to the religion that expresses them and acceptance of the duties resulting therefrom."

External links